1. Reduce Tillage
Excessive tillage increases oxygen in the soil, stimulates microbial activity, and results in the decomposition of organic matter. Tillage also disrupts soil aggregates, exposing particles of organic matter that were otherwise protected from microbial consumption. If additions of organic matter are not sufficient to counteract the losses from decomposition, organic matter levels will decline over time, reducing soil health. Inversion tillage also reduces the soil coverage provided by crop residues, leaving soil more exposed to erosion. Tillage can also disrupt the hyphal network of Mycorrhizal fungi, which can lead to their decline over time.