4. Use cover crops
Cover crops keep the soil covered during periods of time when crops have not formed a good canopy, reducing the risk of erosion. The biomass produced by cover crops is usually returned to the soil, enhancing organic matter levels. Cover crops with taproots can create macropores and alleviate compaction. Species of cover crops that host mycorrhizal fungi can sustain and increase the population of these beneficial fungi. Legume cover crops can add Nitrogen to the soil through Nitrogen fixation. Cover crops can retain nitrate and other nutrients that are susceptible to leaching losses.